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Tuesday

                       English

Today we are focusing on the fact/quiz section of our non-chronological report. You are going to include an interesting fact for your readers, this means something that is 100% true. You might choose to include a quiz instead so a few questions for your readers to answer after reading your non-chronological report. 

 

History

In Ancient Egyptian religion, the journey after death was very important. They believed in the afterlife and the transition to this was very important. This is why Pharaohs and wealthy Egyptians had pyramids and temples built for them - filled with treasures, food and furniture to take with them to the afterlife when they died. If they were very rich the Egyptians had scribes (people who could write) write them something called A Book Of the Dead.

 

 

 

The Egyptian Book of the Dead

Ancient Egyptians believed that in order to become immortal after death they needed a Book of The Dead filled with spells to help them in their journey through the underworld to immortality.

Examples of Chapters from the Book of the Dead

 

Chapter 1 - Used on the day of burial for the funeral procession.

Chapter 5 - A formula that prevented the person from having to work in the afterlife.

Chapter 30 - A spell that prevented the heart of a man from being taken from him in the afterlife.

Chapter 33 - A spell that helped to fight against snakes.
Chapter 63 - A spell that helped the person to get drinking water in the underworld.

Chapter 88 - A spell that would turn the person into the form of a crocodile.

Chapter 125 - Perhaps the most famous chapter, chapter 125 describes the judging of a person's soul by the god Osiris. The person's heart was placed on a scale and weighed against the feather of Maat, which represented the truth.

Chapter 185 - A hymn to the god Osiris.

 

An example of a spell in the Book of the Dead

 

The Spell Making The Transformation Into The Crocodile-God

 

The Osiris Ani, whose word is truth. I am the Crocodile-god (Sebak) who dwelleth amid his terrors. I am the Crocodile-god and I seize my prey like a ravening beast. I am the great Fish which is in Kamui. I am the Lord to whom bowings and prostrations are made in Sekhem. 

Your task today is to write a spell for the Book of the Dead.

 

It might be to frighten off snakes or help turn the Egyptian person into a crocodile. The Egyptians had spells to give them water and put out fire. They also had spells to make them turn into a swallow or an eagle. Choose a spell that you would like to make and write it out and then decorate your page. 

 

We can't wait to read them!

Click on the link below to find out more about the Book of the Dead.

 

 

Interesting Facts about the Book of the Dead

 

  • Some versions of the Book of the Dead were over 100 feet long.
  • The Egyptian name for the Book of the Dead is translated as "The Spells of Coming Forth by Day".
  • The text was usually written in black ink with the titles written in red.
  • The book describes creatures guarding the underworld with scary names like "He who lives on snakes" and "He who dances in blood".
  • One of the most famous examples of the Book of the Dead is the Papyrus of Ani which you can see in the British Museum in London.


 

Anubis weighing the heart to see if it is pure. Chapter 125 in the Book of the Dead.

 

Maths

We will be looking at drawing our own bar charts today. Watch the video below to give you some tips to drawing a bar chart, remember to label the axis neatly and read the data carefully. 

 

Drawing Bar Charts

This video explains the key points when drawing a bar chart and then shows you how to draw one.

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